Concept of Establishment of Din
A Comparative Study of Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi and Javed Ahmad Ghamdi
Keywords:Quran and Hadith, Obligations of Religion, Muslim Community, Iqamat-e-Deen, Establishment of Din
In the present era, the Muslim community faces various internal and external challenges, one of which is the issue of establishing religion, referred to as "Iqamat-e-Deen" in the terminology of the Quran. There are differences of opinion among scholars regarding the interpretation of this term. According to some interpreters, it is considered a hypothetical responsibility imposed on the community, while according to others, it is a fundamental directive related to the entire religion rather than a hypothetical duty. Syed AbulA'laMaududi presents the stance that Islam has come to prevail over the entire world as a religion, and therefore it is the responsibility of every individual in the Muslim community to strive according to their abilities. On the other hand, Javed Ahmad Ghamidi's theory suggests that the responsibility of establishing religion lies with the authorities of contracts and agreements. According to him, it is not one of the obligations of religion, nor is it a commandment among its instructions to make it an additional obligation by classifying it as a duty of establishing religion. Due to the contradiction between these two opinions, the approach to the implementation of the community's obligations and the method of serving religion undergoes a change. This discussion, while evaluating the merits of both opinions, will also clarify their arguments and present a balanced perspective considering the differences present in both stances. This discussion will also provide answers to questions such as the meaning of establishing religion and the contexts in which this term is used in the Quran and Hadith. Additionally, it will propose recommendations through which the concept of establishing religion can be clarified and a methodology for its implementation in the present era can be determined. Furthermore, this discussion will also suggest measures regarding the practical implementation of prevailing Islam, which can be beneficial in terms of establishing the dominance of Islam.
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