An Overview of the Teaching of Tafsir: Characteristics, Schools and Books in the Ottoman Era
Keywords:tafsir, Ottoman , Quranic, Exegesis
Ottoman period is the continuation and last experience of the civilization that continued jointly after the Prophet. They continued and developed the tradition of Madrasah inherited to them in the field of knowledge creation updating and education. In many fields of science in the Ottoman madrasah system, many commentaries were written as well as individual works. More importance has been given to the books which are the necessity of education. For example, more than 300 ??shiyah have been written about Celaleyns commentary. Over 120 ??shiyah had been written on al-Ke?âf. 360 commentaries were written. Explanations are not a repetition of knowledge but a student-centered work that is the material of education between the teacher and the student. There is a strong relationship between a book taught in madrasah and writing commentaries. Tafsir is the last science taught in the curriculum in Ottoman madrasahs. There are many reasons for this. It is the sum of sub-parameters such as tafsir science, fiqh, al-kalam, na?v and rhetoric which is an effort to understand the divine text. In other words? tafsir is the application of all tools and higher sciences to the Quran under the titles of the language of the Quran and the history of nuz?l. It is not permissible to interpret the Quran without knowing all other sciences.
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